Madhya Pradesh cherishes the diverse culture and heritage of the country. The Burhanpur district here is also one of them. The death of Mumtaz Mahal, the beloved Begum of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, also took place. It is believed that the Taj Mahal was built in Agra, taking inspiration from the black Taj Mahal here. Apart from this, there are many more attractions here. It has been a land of heritage. The colors of the country’s diverse culture are scattered everywhere. In this blog, we will know about Burhanpur in Madhya Pradesh. It is the best historical and tourist place of Madhya Pradesh.
- 1 Historical Identity
- 2 Tourist Places Of Burhanpur in Madhya Pradesh
- 3 Attractions Around the City
- 4 Also know
- 5 How and When to Go
- 6 Conclusion
Burhanpur was once a milestone for the rulers wishing to expand the empire to the south. This unsurpassed city was inhabited in the 14th century by Naseeruddin, son of Sultan Malik Ahmed of the Farooqui dynasty of Khandesh. Akbar merged it with the Mughal Empire. The city also witnessed the clashes between the Mughals and the Marathas.
It was also the center of cotton textiles, whose signs are still visible today. Traces of Brahmin, Farooqui, Mughal, Maratha, and English rule still exist here. Many tourists have written many research papers and books in this historic city. Although about 158 heritage sites are counted in Burhanpur district, only a few of these have been listed in the list of archaeological tourism.
Tourist Places Of Burhanpur in Madhya Pradesh
The area of the Tapti coast that Lord Sriram visited during his exile period is mentioned in the Tapti Mahatmya of Skanda Purana. That much of the Tapti river bank is called Ram Kshetra. It is believed that Sri Rama also offered his father Maharaj Dasaratha’s Pind Daan here and also established the Shivling. This place is presently called Nagjhiri Ghat. Shri Ram worshiped Shiva by doing Shraddha Pinddaan at this ghat.
There are 12 Shiva temples on this ghat, which are considered as the form of twelve Jyotirlinga. In ancient times there was also Gomukh, from which continuous water flowed. Here the idol of Shri Ram, Lakshman, Janaki is present in the form of forest-dweller in Shri Ram Jharokha Temple. This place attracted a lot of saints, so they made this place their spiritual place.
The Rich Jain City Of The Past
The word sampada mentioned in Jain sutra texts underlines the fact that in ancient times the city was also known as Jain city. Where many Jain temples with unique workmanship of wood art existed. One of these temples of Lord Prasavarnath was famous for its excellence. In 1857, the temple was completely burned in a terrible fire. After this, a new temple was built here. Very artistic carvings are carved on the marble at the entrance of the temple. There are 6 pillars inside the temple.
Bel bute is engraved on these. Statues of four Tirthankaras are revered here. In the second part, there are idols of Goddess Lakshmi and Saraswati. The inbound passage has three entrances. The unique painting of glass on the roof of all the temple pavilions captivates the audience. It has 12 paintings of Lord Shantinath along with pictures of 24 Jain Tirthankaras. Another temple is built on the exterior of the temple, which is situated at a height of about 60 feet. In the central part of it is situated the four-faced statue of Lord Shantinath.
Sikh Gurus also Took Steps
The first Sikh Guru Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji Maharaj and the tenth Guru Sri Guru Govind Singh Ji Maharaj also visited here. Even today, a large gurudwara is located here in Rajghat and Lodhipura, where thousands of devotees come to pay obeisance every year. This Gurudwara is an important religious place of Sikh society from Amritsar to Nanded.
The tenth Guru Govind Singh Ji Maharaj made it immortal by signing his Guru Granth Sahab, chanted from his mouth and written by Saint Hathesinghji at his residence here 6 months 9 days during the Nanded Gaman from Punjab in 1708. Due to the golden bead of Shri Guru Granth Saheb, this place became very sacred. The present management committee has made specific arrangements for the maintenance of this Guru Granth Sahab by getting it protected by chemical measures.
Near the ancient historical city of Burhanpur is the village of Lodhipura, which is said to have been inhabited by the Lodhi dynasty. It is also called Shahdara. Here, the famous pilgrimage site of Bohra society, Dargah-e-Hakimi is also present here, thousands of people come and pray here every year.
Kala Taj Mahal
According to historians, there is a tomb of Shahnawaz Khan in the Kala Taj Mahal. Shahnawaz Khan was the elder son of Abdul Rahim Khankhana. He was raised in Burhanpur itself. Seeing his bravery, he was made the commander of the Mughal army. He died at the age of only 44, who was buried on the banks of the Utawali river in Burhanpur. A few days later his wife also died and he too was buried at this place. The tomb of Shahnawaz Khan is commonly called the Black Taj Mahal.
The mausoleum is constructed of half black stone and the dome is made of brick and brick. Inside it is a very fine carving, which is a fine piece of Iranian art. This mausoleum was constructed between 1622 and 1623 AD. It has four small chambers and a big one in the middle, which houses the tomb of Shahnawaz Khan and his wife. Just like Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan’s tomb are in the Taj Mahal. This mausoleum was later seen as a model by Emperor Shah Jahan during the construction of the Taj Mahal and its design was largely incorporated into the design of the Taj Mahal in Agra.
This black Taj Mahal was built before the Taj Mahal of Agra. The royal palace here houses the memories of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal. The Ahukhana of Jainabad is the place where Mumtaz was posthumously placed. It is worth mentioning that Mumtaz Mahal, wife of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan, also died in Burhanpur. Posthumously, his body was kept here for 6 months in an Ahukhana on the banks of the Tapti River. When the Taj Mahal was built on the banks of river Yamuna in Agra, the dead body of Mumtaz Mahal was removed from the temporary tomb here and buried in the Taj Mahal of Agra.
The historical and impregnable fort of Asirgarh is situated on the high hill of Satpura along the Indore-Ichhapur highway. This fort is divided into three parts. Its first part is called Malayagarh, the second part is Kamargarh, and at the top is Asirgarh. This fort full of secrets attracts everyone.
These kings ruled
It is said that before 1375 AD, a person named Asha Ahir used to raise cattle at this fort. With this, he got so much money that the surrounding king Maharaja used to take a loan from him. When the news of this fact came to Sultan Nasir Khan Farooqui of Khandesh, he fraudulently took his authority over the fort. In this way, the fort came under the Farooqui kings. The Farooqui dynasty ruled from here for 200 years. In the year 1601, the Mughal Emperor Akbar took possession of the fort and after that, the Mughal conquest of South India began here. The fort remained with the Mughals until 1731.
After that, Nizam Hyderabad became the authority on this. By 1800, the Marathas came to be dominated by this fort and around 1830 it was taken over by the Scindia family. By 1857, it passed into the hands of the British. History testifies to the fact that the British controlled states like Malwa province, South India, and Maharashtra from here. The British evacuated it in 1906. Since then no one has any right over it and from there the story of the destruction of this fort started. Even today it is counted among the major forts of India. Apart from all over the country, tourists from abroad also come to admire it and get familiar with its history and mysteries. Tourists also come here for adventure. Being on the hill, it also attracts trekking enthusiasts.
Attractions Around the City
It is believed that in the year 1615, the Mughal army commander Abdul Rahim Khankhana built the underground Kundi Bhandare underground water structure. Under this, built in an underground canal about 80 feet below the ground. Rainwater reaches these canals by leaking from the hills and foothills of Satpura. In these canals, this water is naturally affected even today without instruments.
To remove water from these, 105 coils were constructed in a length of about 3.9 km, out of which Mughal army jawans and common citizens quenched their thirst by extracting water through buckets. It is said that this is the only safe man-made water structure, which is in Burhanpur, although now its water level has been reduced to just 1 foot, which needs to be increased.
Temple Decorated City
On the hill of Satpura, about 25 km from the city, there is a temple of Mother Desire Devi on the border of Madhya Pradesh-Maharashtra. A fair is organized here every year in Navratri. Located near the palace of Raja Rao Ratan is the proven Shaktipeeth of Mother Renuka Devi. The temple is said to be around 1300 years old, as the Paibavadi near it is believed to be the structure of the period of the Mauryan Emperor Ashoka. The Municipal Corporation built a huge garden around this temple in 1994, which has increased the elegance of the site even more.
There is also a historical temple of Lord Balaji Maharaj, about 400 years old. The idol of Tirupati Balaji in the temple has been established in Mahajanapeth for the past four centuries and remains a center of reverence. Every year on the occasion of Sharad Purnima, Moon Darshan and 15-day Balaji Mela ceremony are organized in the temple premises.
It was built by Abdul Rahim Khankhana. The Khankhana was then the Subedar of Khandesh. It was built by order of Emperor Jahangir. When Jahangir’s time Sir Tomas Roe, Ambassador of the King of England, James I, came to India, he stayed in this inn.
It is located at a distance of 21 km from Burhanpur. It also has an interesting story. When Shah Jahan came to Burhanpur during the reign of his father Jahangir, he fell in love with a singer named Gul Ara. The singer was extremely beautiful and also skilled in singing. Shah Jahan married her and made her his Begum, and conferred upon her the title of Gulara. Shah Jahan also built two beautiful palaces on the banks of the river Utawali. He changed the name of Karara village to Mahal Gulara after the name of Begum. Historian Sharad Pagare has also written a novel Gulara Begum on this love story.
- Gulara Mahal, built on the banks of the river Utawali, is also a special tourist and picnic spot.
- Moti Mahal located opposite Asirgarh is also a historical heritage. There are also a large number of tourists visiting the Chhatri of King Jai Singh.
How and When to Go
Indore is the nearest airport to reach here, 190 km away. From there one can come by road or by bus or by private means. Winter and rainy times are considered ideal for visiting here.
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